1857 TEQUILA, MEXICO HACIENDA CAMICHINES Token. This is a very nice Tequila Token from the Hacienda Camichines. Which was located near the town of Tequila in the State of Jalisco, Mexico.
It is dated 1857 and was issued by Lazaro J. The Token has been counter-stamped or counter-marked with the figure of an Eagle. A tavern owner and tequila producer, Lazaro Gallardo invented a unique tequila making process. This unique process blended newly rested tequilas with the smoothest, aged tequila reserves creating the highest quality and best tasting tequila available. Weight: 12 Grams, Copper or Brass.
Latin American Tokens by Russell Rulau. Rulau lists it as 27 Millimeter and calls it Copper. Grove lists it as 28 Millimeter and calls it Brass. I cannot tell if it is Brass or Copper.Century Plant, or Agave tequilana, commonly called the Blue Agave or Maguey. The plant Tequila is made from. All in an ornate border. Reverse: CAMICHINES 1857 (below table) Barrels and Bottles (Items found in a Store, Saloon or Bar) on a Table. The Token: A very presentable example, it may have seen some circulation, but if so, not much. I does have a few small marks.
It has been well cared for all these years. It is a beautiful smooth glossy brown in color and it is strictly original, never cleaned. As grading is subjective please see the pictures and judge for yourself.Hacienda is aish word for an estate, usually, but not always a vast ranch. Some Haciendas were plantations, mines, or even factories. Many Haciendas combined these productive activities. The Hacienda System in Mexico originated in 1529 when theish Crown granted to Hernándo Cortés the title of Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, which entailed a tract of land that included all of the present state of Morelos. Significantly, the Grant included all the Indians then living on the land and power of life and death over every soul on his domains. There was no Court of Appeals governing a Hacienda. The owner of the Hacienda was called the Hacendado or Patrón. Aside from the small circle at the top of the Hacienda society, the remainder were Peones (Serfs), Campesinos (Peasants), or mounted ranch hands called Vaqueros.
The Peones worked the land that belonged to the Patrón. The Campesinos worked small holdings, and owed a portion to the Patrón. The economy of the Eighteenth Century was largely a barter system with little or no specie circulated on the Hacienda. Thus the need for tokens such as this one. Stock raising was central to the ranching Haciendas.
Where the Hacienda included a mine the Patrón might be immensely wealthy. In Mexico the Revolution of 1910 1920 finished the Haciendas. They were abolished by Law in 1917.
The enlisted troops of Pancho Villa, Venustiano Carranza and Emiliano Zapata roamed the country, burning and pillaging every Hacienda they could find. The lands were restored to the Indians and landowners subsequently were allowed only two hundred acres. The remnants of the system affect Mexico today.
The item "1857 TEQUILA TOKEN, MEXICO HACIENDA CAMICHINES EAGLE Counter-stamp JALISCO" is in sale since Friday, March 16, 2018. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Exonumia\Tokens\ Other". The seller is "whisperlark" and is located in Columbus, Ohio.
This item can be shipped to United States.